Aqua (water), alcohol denat†, glycerin*, salix nigra (willow) bark extract*, vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry) fruit extract, pinus nigra (pine) bud/needle extract*, ribes nigrum (blackcurrant) fruit extract*, salix alba (willow bark) extract*, spiraea ulmaria (meadowsweet) extract*, camphor, gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen) leaf extract), xanthan gum‡, saccharum officinarum (sugar cane) extract, aloe barbadensis (aloe) leaf juice*, levulinic acid§, citrus aurantium dulcis (orange) fruit extract, citrus medica limonum (lemon) fruit extract, sodium levulinate§, acer saccharum (sugar maple) extract, citric acid‡
*Certified organic ingredients
†Made from organic sugar cane alcohol ‡From non-GMO, vegetable source §EU Cosmetics Directive approved preservatives considered to be the ‘natural alternatives’ for use in more natural-based personal care products. Prebiotic Activ Technology is a patented extract created by our co-founder, Karen Sinclair Drake.
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Please note that any information provided is not intended to create any physician-patient relationship or supplant any in-person medical consultation or examination. Always seek the advice of a trained health professional with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition and before seeking any treatment. Proper medical attention and treatment should always be sought for specific ailments. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking medical treatment due to information obtained here.
water in Latin, is the word used in the INCI (International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients) to label this vital element. Water is primarily used in practically all cosmetics and personal care products to dissolve many of the ingredients that impart skin benefits known as actives. It also forms emulsions where the oil and water components of the formula are combined to produce creams and lotions. These are referred to as oil-in-water emulsions, or as water-in-oil depending on the ratios of the oil and water phases.
produced from the fermentation of organic plant sources (sugar). An effective extracting (solvent) medium for herbal extracts that takes out both water and oil-soluble nutrients. Can also be used as a natural preservative.
or glycerol, is released when an oil is hydrolysed, such as during soapmaking. A common cosmetic and food ingredient used as a natural humectant and moisturizer. Glycerin is one of the oldest and most respected skin moisturisers. It has been proven in many trials (both clinical and instrumental) to increase the moisture content of the skin and protect it from becoming dry and scaly. Glycerin is listed in all of the major pharmacopoeias and is used extensively for the treatment of the skin. Our glycerin is produced from GMO-free Karanja nut oil.
Salix nigra (black willow) bark extract:
a natural source of salicylic acid, a BHA with keratolytic, astringent and regenerative properties. It benefits acne-prone skin due to its pore-clearing, antiseptic, anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory nature.
Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry) fruit extract:
contains vitamin C, resveratrol and bioflavonoids such as anthocyanins, quercitin and ellagic acid. Bilberries aid in the treatment of skin infections, ulcers, bruises and varicose veins. Their potent antioxidants protect the skin from the degenerative effects of free radicals as well as prevent the breakdown of collagen. They condition the skin and increase microcirculation including that of the eye area, thus reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Pinus nigra bud/needle extract:
provides prebiotic benefits that help mitigate P.acnes bacteria proliferation and combat the aging process. Contains methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) which detoxifies the skin and stimulates its regeneration.
Ribes nigrum (black currant) fruit extract:
chock-full of antioxidants, such as tannins and anthocyanins, that help reduce aging signs and prevent bacterial growth. Black currants have potent anti-inflammatory benefits as well as soften and nourish the skin.
Salix alba (white willow) bark extract:
a natural source of salicylic acid (salicin), a BHA with keratolytic, astringent and regenerative properties. It benefits acne-prone skin due to its pore-clearing, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial nature. It also contains antioxidants (phenolic acids) which aid in skin rejuvenation.
Spiraea ulmaria (meadowsweet) flower extract:
has similar properties to slippery elm and willow bark due to its salicylic acid content. High in vitamin C and flavonoids, provides effective astringent, anti-inflammatory, cleansing, toning, tightening and soothing benefits.
a white or colorless aromatic wax found in the wood of the camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora). It is known for its long-standing, anti-inflammatory, cooling and wound-healing properties, thus makes it effective against acne. Camphor can also alleviate itching, irritation, pain (produced by skin sores and insect bites) as well as treat minor burns.
Gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen) leaf extract:
it is a potent astringent, anti-inflammatory and keratolytic agent that helps remove excess sebum, impurities and surface debris. Wintergreen acts as a numbing and pain-relieving agent similar to cortisone. It can ward off infections (bacterial, fungi and viral) and tone the skin and hair.
produced by bacteria through fermentation of non-GMO corn. This polyssacharide is used in food and cosmetic products as a thickener and stabilizer. Chosen for its natural and GMO-free source as we do not use acrylic (petrochemical sourced) thickeners or part synthetic. Xantham gums provides stability to gels and emulsions.
Saccharum officinarum (sugar cane) extract:
its natural glycolic acid concentration helps the epidermis shed dead skin cells easier and thereby prevent a build-up on its surface. This extract, furthermore, stimulates the production of collagen and elastin of the skin, which results in improved skin texture and smoothness.
Aloe barbadensis (aloe vera) leaf juice freeze-dried powder:
has the ability to effectively penetrate and transport healthy substances through the skin. Aloe Vera provides numerous cutaneous skin benefits such as acting as an excellent moisturizer, keeping the skin flexible and supplying oxygen to cells, as well as increasing the strength and synthesis of skin tissue, thus preventing premature aging. Rich in mucopolysaccharides (naturally occurring sugars that keep the skin moist and plump), minerals, amino acids and enzymes, aloe has renowned soothing, anti-inflammatory and healing properties, making it suitable for cuts, grazes, insect bites, sunburn, acne, dermatitis, sensitive and irritated skin.
classified in EU under skin conditioning and perfuming, but also having strong antimicrobial properties. Produced through the modification of non-GMO corn sugars with heat and acid. It is an effective, non-toxic and non-sensitizing preservative. It has no cosmetic restrictions placed on it and is permitted to use in organic formulations by organic certification bodies.
Citrus aurantium dulcis (orange) fruit extract:
rejuvenates the skin due to the action of its AHAs content. A concentrated source of vitamin C and flavonoids; orange nourishes, enriches and improves the skin’s elasticity while encouraging cellular activity and new cell growth. It helps reduce swollen tissue and stimulates the lymph system. Orange helps heal dry/irritated skin and it is extremely useful in treating broken capillaries and mild varicose veins (astringent). It has antiseptic and bactericide properties, therefore improving acne-prone skin.
Citrus limon (lemon) fruit extract:
tones and refreshes the skin, contains high levels of Vitamin C and AHAs which brighten the complexion. It has antibacterial, astringent and cell- regenerative properties. Lemon also helps heal dry, rough and chapped skin.
it is the sodium salt of levulinic acid, thus has similar properties. It is used as a EU approved preservative (inhibits microbial proliferation) and skin conditioning agent. It is derived from non GMO-corn.
Acer saccharum (sugar maple) extract:
like all sugars, it is an extraordinary humectant. Rich in trace minerals and zinc which balance oil production. It contains AHAs in their whole food format and antioxidants that keep premature aging at bay by exfoliating surface build-up as well as neutralizing the effect of environmental aggressors.
an alpha hydroxy acid found naturally in citrus fruits. Used in our products at very low levels to regulate acidity to match the natural pH of the skin. Permitted food ingredient and by organic certification agencies; it is produced through bacterial fermentation of sugar.